The formal medical name for removal of a woman’s entire reproductive system (ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus) is “total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy” (TAH-BSO); the more casual term for such a surgery is “ovariohysterectomy”.
Hernia repair refers to a surgical operation for the correction of a hernia — a bulging of internal organs or tissues through the wall that contains it. It can be of two different types: herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty.
Endoscopic sphincterotomy: An operation to cut the muscle between the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct. The operation uses a catheter and a wire to remove gallstones or other blockages. Also called endoscopic papillotomy.
Gynecological surgery refers to surgery on the female reproductive system. Gynecological surgery is usually performed by gynecologists. It includes procedures for benign conditions, cancer, infertility, and incontinence.